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The Impact

Manawhenua Report

Ref: Manawhenua Report - Te Uri o Hau o Te Wahapu o Kaipara Iwi, by William R Wright Dec-1996

It has been said that when the Mahuhu arrived, with it came other canoes and settled around the regions of Aotearoa. Whether or not this is in fact true pertaining to the number of other canoes arriving at the same time is irrelevant. What is vitally important here is, the fact by making such a statement illustrates the acceptance that other waka – just as important as the Mahuhu – can equally be held in a similar light as being ‘special’ to an individual, hapu or iwi.  

The Takitimu canoe, as already noted, is highly regarded as having very close ties with Te Uri O Hau and is claimed as a canoe of Ngapuhi. It is reported to have landed at Awanui, near Kaitaia before sailing down the east coast of Aotearoa and returning back to the North. The arrival of the Takitimu canoe into the Kaipara is unknown, however, it is noted that one of the ancestors on board – Mareao introduced the: “toheroa to the west coast beaches”.  

The captain of the Takitimu canoe was Tamatea Arikinui and it was his great grandson Kahu-Hunuhunu who was to become known as kahungungu. He became the ancestor of Ngati Kahungungu. His grandfather was Tamatea-Nui who became Tamatea Pokaiwhenua. Kahungungu had seven wives – the last being the beautiful Rongomai, wahine of Te Mahia. Percy Smith recorded that "Kahungungu was the son of Tamatea Arikinui and that Tamatea’s father was – Kauri, a chief of the “Ngati-te-awa” who had occupied the regions around “Pukepoto, Aurere…including the shores of Ranga-unu Bay”. This was also noted by Daamen, Hamer and Rigby where they wrote:  “Elsdon Best too recorded a tradition, told to him by Matiu Kapa of Te Aupouri "…the Takitimu was said to have first landed in Muriwhenua… landing was at Rangaunu and Ngai Tamatea lived there and at Kaitaia before heading south via Te Aurere (near Monganui).”  

Elders from the Ngati Whatua tribe, as recorded by Smith again, said:  “Some of their ancestors came in Takitimu”.  Smith went further by adding that John White, who wrote “Ancient history of the Maori”, quotes traditions given by the Ngati-Kahu-ngungu tribe themselves of the “East Coast”. They said that some of the crew from the Taki Timu:  “took up their abode at Wharo, at Kaitaia, near the north Cape, at Rangi-aohia, and at Oruru…the very place.. from which Ngati-Whatua migrated, and the connection between the crews of Mahuhu and Taki-tumu would occur at that time”.  

Te Roroa people wrote about the connection between the two waka and said:  “the Mahuhu line of descent was linked to the Takitimu canoe when Te Kura married its captain (or his grandson) Tamatea-pokai-whenua, circumnavigator of land and sea, the name Ngai Tamatea comes from him and applies to many bands of his descendants”

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