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TUOH Legends

TUOH Legends

Manawhenua Report 

Ref:  Manawhenua Report - Te Uri o Hau o Te Wahapu o Kaipara Iwi by William Wright Dec-1996

From the beginning of time, Te Uri o Hau (hapu of Ngati Whatua) believe that Kupe (Toka Tu Moana - the pillars that all waka could be tied to) was the first person to discover Aotearoa, but it was the demi god Maui who fished up 'te ika a Maui' (the North Island) from his waka.  The brothers of Maui were jealous that he had caught the biggest fish and in rage they mutilated his fish by eating and attacking it with their weapons.  This savage act on Maui' fish created the shape of the North Island of Aotearoa.

It was to be Hine Te Aparangi (Kupe' wife) who saw from a distance an unusual shaped cloud.  As they approached the cloud mass they found it to be longer than expected and with land beneath it.  The name of this land was to become Aotearoa - the land of the long white cloud.

When Kupe, his wife and crew returned back to Hawaiiki (homeland) the people were excited and anxious to hear of their travels.  When Kupe spoke of high cloud and mist that surrounded the land that they had discovered the whanau were curious and asked whether any inhabitants lived on this land.  Kupe said to them 'I saw only Kokako and Tireiraka'1.

The first two waka to return to Aotearoa from Hawaiiki were called the Mamari and the Ngatokimatawhaorua.  The Rangatira of the Mamari waka was Ruaanui o Tane and the Rangatira of the Ngatokimatawhaorua waka was Nukutawhiti, a tuakana (elder brother) of Ruanui o Tane2.  Their father was Te Hou o Te Rangi and their grandfather was Toka Aku Aku Aniwaniwa (sister of Te Hou o Te Rangi) was married to Nukutawhiti.

Before leaving Hawaiiki for Aotearoa, Kupe gave instructions to Ruaanui o Tane, he said “keep the bow of your waka in the direction of the pillar of cloud to the south west. At night set your course by the star Atu-tahi (canopics) keeping to the left of the Mangaroa (Milky Way) guided by Niwa and Arai te uru”3.

The Mamari carried the kai on the journey for both waka along with a crew of forty-two. Included on board was Haumai Tawhiti, Maru o Te Huia and Te Ao Kaitu.

On arrival to Aotearoa the Mamari sailed down the west coast to Ripiro4 before returning back to the Hokianga whilst the Ngatokimatawhaorua waka arrived directly and settled in the area of Muriwhenua.

On their arrival, Ruaanui o Tane and Nukutaiwhiti established themselves on the north and the south side of the Hokianga harbour. After setting up homes and fortified pa it was time to celebrate. The karakia of Nukutawhiti brought a whale ashore as food for people and Ruaanui o Tane recited his karakia which sent the whale back out to sea. Thus rivalry began between the two brothers, hence the name ‘Hokianga Whakapau Karakia’5.

1. Cassidy, Mere - Oral evidence (Taha Maori Methodist Church); 2. See Daamen, Hamer and Rigby.  Waitangi Tribunal Rangahaua Whanui district 1 p20 (note that SP SMith as in other accounts there are different versions of who actually accompanied the Waka Mamari and Ngatokimatawhaorua); 3. Cassidy, Mere - Oral evidence (Taha Maori Methodist Church); 4. Ripiro is the long stretch of beach from Maunganui Bluff south to the entrance of the Kaipara Harbour on the West Coast (see G.I.S map2).  Te Uri o Hau o Te Wahapu o Kaipara marae at Pouto prior to its destruction by a tornado in 1991 was named 'Ripiro-Waka-Te-Haua' (The beach where many ancestral waka landed).  The marae that was situated on the foreshore (before erosion from the Wairoa river claimed the land) at Te Karetu last century and early this century was also called Ripiro-Waka-Te-Haua and the marae (prior to the tornado) was given this name again in 1938.D.B.DoC A.A-11; 5. Cassidy, Mere - Oral evidence (Taha Maori Methodist Church).